福建师范大学19年离线考核《高级英语阅读(二)》

作者: 奥鹏周老师 分类: 福建师范大学 发布时间: 2019-07-16 20:17
福建师范大学网络与持续教育学院
《高档英语阅览(二)》期末考试A卷 

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答案必须写在答题纸上,否则不得分!
一、单项选择题(答案必须写在答题纸上, 60分,每题2分)
I  Choose the one word or phrase that best completes the sentence. 
1.        The child was often ill and was _____by his parent.
A.honored    B. corrupted    C. pampered    D. sent
2.        A huge ____of athletes from China were present at the last Olympic Games.
A.continent   B. number    C. amount    D. figure
3.        She gingerly touched her bruised shin and ____at the pain
A.flinched    A. cowered    C. winced    D laughed
4.        They’ve ____the number of trainees and occasionally used specialists; they’re really down to the bedrock now.
A  cut down   B. cut across    C. cut off    D. cut out
5.        “I wouldn’t back against him in this form,” said Christie, unable to ____the title himself because the 100 meters is not a Grand Prix event this summer.
A.shoot down   B. shoot up   C. shoot for    D. shoot into
6.        The two countries were ancient ____and had met more than once on the field of battle.
A.contestant    B. adversaries   C. competitors   D. foes
7.        The radio station agreed to ____the minister’s speech_ ___the whole of Europe.
A.beam...to    B. radiate...on    C. shine...to    d. gleam...to
8.        We ____our own metaphors for our own needs.
A.conjured with   B. conjured away    C. conjured    D. conjured up
9 Tom is lazy: he won’t do any work if he’s not____into it
A.        prodded at    B, moved    C. prodded    D. poked
10 After the quarrel, he completely ____his relations with his family.
A.        split    B. sundered    C. cleaved    D. severed
 II  Directions: There are 4 passages in this section. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A), B), C) and D). You should decide on the best choice and write the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.  
Passage 1
        Exchange a glance with someone, then look away.  Do you realize that you have made a statement? Hold the glance for a second longer, and you have made a different statement.  Hold it for 3 seconds, and the meaning has changed again.  For every social situation, there is a permissible time that you can hold a person’s gaze without being intimate, rude, or aggressive.  If you are on an elevator, what gaze-time are you permitted? To answer this question, consider what you typically do.  You very likely give other passengers a quick glance to size them up and to assure them that you mean no threat.  Since being close to another person signals the possibility of interaction, you need to emit a signal telling others you want to be left alone.  So you cut off eye contact, what sociologist Erving Goffman (1963) calls “a dimming of the lights”.  You look down at the floor, at the indicator lights, anywhere but into another passenger’s eyes.  Should you break the rule against staring at a stranger on an elevator? You will make the other person exceedingly uncomfortable, and you are likely to feel a bit strange yourself.
        If you hold eye contact for more than 3 seconds, what are you telling another person? Much depends on the person and the situation.  For instance, a man and a woman communicate interest in this manner.  They typically gaze at each other for about 3 seconds at a time, then drop their eyes down for 3 seconds, before letting their eyes meet again.  But if one man gives another man a 3-second-plus stare, he signals “I know you,” “I am interested in you,” or “You look peculiar and I am curious about you.” This type of stare often produces hostile feelings.
11.        It can be inferred from the first paragraph that ______.
a.        every glance has its significance
b.        staring at a person is an expression of interest
c.        a gaze longer than 3 seconds is unacceptable
d.        a glance conveys more meaning than words
12.        If you want to be left alone on an elevator, the best thing to do is _____.
a.        to look into another passenger’s eyes
b.        to avoid eye contact with other passengers
c.        to signal you are not a threat to anyone
d.        to keep a distance from other passengers
13.        By “a dimming of the lights” (Para. 1) Erving Coffman means “____.”
  a. closing one’s eyes                                b. turning off the lights
  c. ceasing to glance at others
  d. reducing gaze-time to the minimum
14.        If one is looked at by a stranger for too long, he tends to feel _____.
a. depressed                        b. uneasy                c. curious                d. amused
15.        The passage mainly discusses ______.
a.        the limitations of eye contact
b.        the exchange of ideas through eye contact
c.        proper behavior in different situations
d.        the role of eye contact in interpersonal communication
Passage 2
        The picnics, speeches, and parades of today’s Labor Day were all part of the first celebration, held in New York City in 1882.  Its promoter was an Irish-American labor leader named Peter J. McGuire.  A carpenter by trade, McGuire had worked since the age of eleven, and in 1882 was president of the United Brotherhood of Carpenters and Joiners (UBCJ).  Approaching the City’s Central Labor Union that summer, he proposed a holiday that would applaud “the industrial spirit – the great vital force of every nation”.  On September 5 his suggestion born fruit, as an estimated 10,000 workers, many of them ignoring their bosses’ warnings, left work to march from Union Square up Fifth Avenue to 42nd Street.  The event gained national attention, and by 1893 thirty states had made Labor Day an annual holiday.
        The quick adoption of the scheme may have indicated less about the state lawmakers’ respect for working people than about a fear of risking their anger.  In the 1880s the United States was a land sharply divided between the immensely wealthy and the very poor.  Henry George was accurate in describing the era as one of “progress and poverty.” In a society in which factory, owners rode in private Pullmans while ten-year-olds slaved in the mines, strong anti-capitalist feelings ran high.  Demands for fundamental change were common throughout the labor press.  With socialist demanding an end to “wage slavery” and anarchists singing the praises of the virtues dynamite, middle-of-the-roaders like Samuel Gompers  and McGuire seemed attractively mild by comparison.  One can imagine practical capitalists seeing Labor Day as a bargain: A one-day party certainly cost them less than paying their workers decent wages.
16.        Judging from the passage, McGuire was ______.
a.        a moderate labor leader
b.        an extreme anarchist in the labor movement
c.        a devoted socialist fighting against exploitation of man by man
d.        a firm anti-capitalist demanding the elimination of wage slavery
17.        We can see from the first paragraph that the first Labor Day march _______.
a.        immediately won nationwide support
b.        involved workers from 30 states
c.        was opposed by many factory owners
d.        was organized by the UBCJ
18.        Which of the following is the key factor in the immediate approval of Labor Day as a national holiday?
a.        The lawmakers’ respect for the workers.
b.        The workers’ determination to have a holiday of their own.
c.        The socialists’ demands for thorough reform.
d.        The politicians’ fear of the workers’ anger.
19.        We learn from the passage that the establishment of Labor Day ______.
a.        was accepted by most bosses as a compromise
b.        marked a turning point in the workers’ struggle for more rights
c.        indicated the improvement of the workers’ welfare
d.        signaled the end of “wage slavery”
20.        McGuire proposed Labor Day in order to ______.
a.        draw people’s attention to the striking contrast between the rich and the poor
b.        make prominent the important role of the working class in society
c.        win for the workers the right to shorter working hours
d.        expose the exploitation of the workers by their bosses
Passage 3
        In the old days, children were familiar with birth and death as part of life.  This is perhaps the first generation of American youngsters who have never been close by during the birth of a baby and have never experienced the death of a family member.
        Nowadays when people grow old, we often send them to nursing homes.  When they get sick, we transfer them to a hospital, where children are forbidden to visit terminally ill patients—even when those patients are their parents.  This deprives the dying patient of significant family members during the last few days of his life and it deprives the children of an experience of death, which is an important learning experience.
        Some of my colleagues and I once interviewed and followed approximately 500 terminally ill patients in order to find out what they could teach us and how we could be of more benefit, not just to them but to the members of their families as well.  We were most impressed by the fact that even those patients who were not told of their serious illness were quite aware of its potential outcome.
        It is important for family members, and doctors and nurses to understand these patient’s communications in order to truly understand their needs, fears, and fantasies.  Most of our patients welcomed another human being with whom they could talk openly, honestly, and frankly about their trouble.  Many of them shared with us their tremendous need to be informed, to be kept up-to-date on their medical condition, and to be told when the end was near.  We found out that patients who had been dealt with openly and frankly were better able to cope with the approach of death and finally to reach a true stage of acceptance prior to death.
21.        The elders of contemporary Americans ______.
a.        were often absent when a family member was born or dying
b.        were quite unfamiliar with birth and death
c.        usually witnessed the birth or death of a family member
d.        had often experienced the fear of death as part of life
22.        Children in America today are denied the chance _______.
a.        to learn how to face death
b.        to visit dying patients
c.        to attend to patients
d.        to have access to a hospital
23.        Five hundred critically ill patients were investigated with the main purpose of _____.
a.        observing how they reacted to the crisis of death
b.        helping them and their families overcome the fear of death
c.        finding out their attitude towards the approach of death
d.        learning how to best help them and their families
24.        The need of a dying patient for company shows _______.
a.        his desire for communication with other people
b.        his fear of approaching death
c.        his pessimistic attitude towards his condition
d.        his reluctance to part with his family
25.        It may be concluded from the passage that _______.
a.        dying patient are afraid of being told of the approach of death
b.        most doctors and nurses understand what dying patients need
c.        dying patients should be truthfully informed of their condition 
d.        most patients are unable to accept death until it is obviously inevitable
Passage 4
        Faces, like fingerprints, are unique.  Did you ever wonder how it is possible for us to recognize people? Even a skilled writer probably could not describe all the features that make one face different from another.  Yet a very young child—or even an animal, such as a pigeon—can learn to recognize faces.  We all take this ability for granted.
        We also tell people apart by how they behave.  When we talk about someone’s personality, we mean the ways in which he or she acts, speaks, thinks and feels that make that individual different from others.
        Like the human face, human personality is very complex.  But describing someone’s personality in words is somewhat easier than describing his face, if you were asked to describe what a “nice face” looked like, you probably would have a difficult time doing so.  But if you were asked to describe a “nice person”, you might begin to think about someone who was kind, considerate, friendly, warm, and so forth.
        There are many words to describe how a person thinks, feels and acts.  Gordon Allport, an American psychologist, found nearly 18,000 English words characterizing differences in people’s behavior.  And many of us use this information as a basis for describing, or typing, his personality.  Bookworms, conservatives, military types—people are described with such terms.
        People have always tried to “type” each other.  Actors in early Greek drama wore masks to show the audience whether they played the villain’s or the hero’s role. In fact, the words “person” and “personality” come from the Latin persona, meaning “mask”.  Today, most television and movie actors do not wear masks.  But we can easily tell the “good guys” from the “bad guys” because the two types differ in appearance as well as in actions.
26.        By using the example of fingerprints, the author tells us that ______.
a.        people can learn to recognize faces
b.        people have different personalities
c.        people have difficulty in describing the features of fingerprints
d.        people differ from each other in facial features
27.        According to this passage, some animals have the gift of ______.
a.        telling people apart by how they behave
b.        typing each other
c.        telling good people from bad people
d.        recognizing human faces
28.        Who most probably knows best how to describe people’s personality?
a.        The ancient Greek audience
b.        The movie actors
c.        Psychologists.
d.        The modern TV audience.
29.        According to the passage, it is possible for us to tell one type of person from another because ______.
a.        people differ in their behavioral and physical characteristics
b.        human fingerprints provide unique information
c.        people’s behavior can be easily described in words
d.        human faces have complex features
30.        Which of the following is the major point of the passage?
a.        Why it is necessary to identify people’s personality.
b.        Why it is possible to describe people.
c.        How to get to know people.
d.        How best to recognize people.

二 翻译题请将下列语句翻译为汉语(共40分 ,每题 20分)
?        I Translate the following two paragraphs into Chinese. 
?        
?        1 Gardening is a moral occupation, as well, because you always start in spring resolved to keep it looking neat this year, just like the pictures in the catalogues. But by July, you once again face the chaos of unthinned carrots, lettuce and beets.
?        
?        2 Isn't that beautiful? Had I not learned how to be loving, I would have thought nice things about the chef's pork chops, but probably wouldn't have told him—just as I had failed to tell Liani how much she had helped me that first day in class. ” : 



《高档英语阅览(一)》答题纸
一、单项选择题(答案必须写在答题纸上, 60分,每题2分)

1        2        3        4        5        6        7        8        9        10
                                                                        
11        12        13        14        15        16        17        18        19        20
                                                                        
21        22        23        24        25        26        27        28        29        30
                                                                        


二 翻译题请将下列语句翻译为汉语(共40分 ,每题 20分)
?        1 Gardening is a moral occupation, as well, because you always start in spring resolved to keep it looking neat this year, just like the pictures in the catalogues. But by July, you once again face the chaos of unthinned carrots, lettuce and beets.








2 Isn't that beautiful? Had I not learned how to be loving, I would have thought nice things about the chef's pork chops, but probably wouldn't have told him—just as I had failed to tell Liani how much she had helped me that first day in class. ”
 

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